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Heart Failure

  • What is Heart Failure?

    Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to the rest of the body. The main body organs and tissues are therefore prevented from getting oxygen and nutrients and thus do not work properly. Heart failure leads to oedema, which is the build-up of fluids in the tissues.

    Heart failure is a chronic condition with serious consequences. It affects the general well-being including mental, physical and social status, and its prevalence increases with age. There is no cure for heart failure, but a combination of lifestyle changes, medications and sometimes surgery can help in the management and the treatment of this condition.

  • There are many causes that lead to heart failure and the most common risks are:

    • Cardiomyopathy – A disease of the heart muscle that causes the muscle to weaken. Coronary heart disease and other heart diseases can lead to cardiomyopathy
    • Coronary heart disease – One of the most common causes of heart failure as it reduces the ability of the heart to pump blood efficiently. It refers to the hardening of the arteries supplying blood to the heart due to the build-up of fatty deposits in the walls of the arteries.
    • Drinking too much alcohol, and drug abuse
    • High blood pressure – The heart has to work harder to supply blood to the body. If the heart is unable to keep up with the pressure, heart failure can develop
    • Others – Defects of the heart valves, and congenital heart disease (heart defects present at birth)
  • If you are suffering from heart failure, you may experience any of the following:

    • Chest pain (angina)
    • Fainting and dizziness due to reduced blood and oxygen supply sent to organs and muscles
    • Tiredness due to reduced blood and oxygen supply sent to organs and muscles
    • Shortness of breath resulting from fluid build-up in the lungs
    • Swollen feet, ankles and legs from fluid build-up in the veins and body tissues
    • Weight gain due to fluid build up in the body
    • Weight loss 
    • Sudden death
  • Your doctor may recommend a combination of lifestyle changes, medication, and sometimes surgery to try to treat heart failure.

    • Lifestyle changes include:
      1. A healthy diet (limit salt intake to help reduce swelling)
      2. Maintain a healthy diet
      3. Quit smoking
      4. Reduce or stop drinking alcohol and taking other harmful drugs
      5. Regular exercise (your doctor can recommend a specific exercise programme)
    • Medicines:
      1. To correct arrhythmia
      2. Diuretics to help remove excess fluid in the tissues
      3. Diagoxin to help stimulate the heart’s pump action
      4. Vasodilators, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, and calcium channel blockers to lower blood pressure
    • Surgery may be advised by your doctor to correct heart abnormalities that cause heart failure. In cases of end-stage heart failure, your doctor might consider:
      1. A heart transplant
      2. A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) – A mechanical heart, that helps pump oxygen-rich blood into the body, is placed into the patient’s chest but does not replace the heart. This procedure is generally used in terminally ill patients.
      3. .
      4. A mechanical heart device – Also known as an artificial heart, it is a man-made pump that takes over the pumping action of the heart
  • Our Specialists

    There are 67 SpecialistsView All

    • Agasthian T

      Specialty:
      Cardiothoracic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      Agasthian Thoracic Surgery Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-12
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      62688875
    • Aneez DB Ahmed

      Specialty:
      Cardiothoracic Surgery

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      Clinic:
      International Centre For Thoracic Surgery Pte Ltd
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #10-38
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6591 8801
    • Ang Teck Kee

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Livingstone Cardiology Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-13
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      62357536
    • Chan Wan Xian

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63 And #1054/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6339 3638
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #16-07
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      68873422
    • Chee Tek Siong

      Specialty:
      Cardiology
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Heart Specialist Clinic
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #14-10
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      62358733
    • Cheng Alfred

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Alfred Cheng Cardiac Care Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #15-15
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      67357735
    • Chew Christopher

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      International Heart Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #06-07
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      63338383
    • Chia Stanley

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63 And #1054/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6339 3638
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart And Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      228510
      Contact No:
      67338638
    • Chiam Toon Lim Paul

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      The Heart And Vascular Centre
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #08-06
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      Singapore 228510
      Contact No:
      6735 3022
      Clinic:
      The Heart & Vascular Centre (Novena)
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #09-21
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6694 0140
    • Chow Hui Jeremy

      Specialty:
      Cardiology

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      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre
      Location:
      38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 To 63 And #1054/55
      Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre
      Singapore 329563
      Contact No:
      6339 3638
      Clinic:
      Asian Heart & Vascular Centre Pte Ltd
      Location:
      3 Mount Elizabeth #17-08
      Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
      228510
      Contact No:
      67338638

    There are 67 SpecialistsView All

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